geciafrica GLOBAL EMERGENCY AND COUNTERTERRORISM INSTITUTE

FOCUS AREAS

We strive to understand and tackle emergencies, human security and governance challenges.

EMERGENCY REGIMES

      This theme is crucial owing to the use of emergency regimes as a technique of governance especially within the African context; a practice that results in devastating effects on security, human rights and the rule of law. The Global Emergency and Counterterrorism Institute (GECI) has a unique experience in understanding the rationale behind   these regimes  not only from a theoretical perspective, but also at the practical level.  We have completed several researches regarding the origin, legal and theoretical foundations, causes, manifestations and impacts of emergency regimes (real or de facto) including a state of emergency, a state of siege, a state of exception and martial law across the African continent and  other parts of the globe.  These regimes have the peculiarity to be located both inside and beyond the sphere of law and this explains our commitment to encourage peaceful solutions especially to crisis resulting from political disagreements which are part of a normal democratic process. Our role is to raise awareness and warn against  the authoritarian seed embedded in emergency regimes.

COUNTERTERRORISM AND VIOLENT EXTREMISM

   The recent shift in the methods used by terrorist organisations has seriously contributed to worsen the security situation in some parts of Africa and other regions in the world. Owing to the development of internet and other technologies of communications including social media, the process of recruitment and radicalisation by extremist groups seems to have  improved and appear to be more efficient than ever. Yet several  states across  the African continent persist in resorting to the exclusive traditional military offensive as the only  approach to tackle terrorism and violent extremism. These states heavily rely on emergency powers, the militarisation of institutions and brutal anti-terror legislation; measures which most of the time harm  innocent civilians and strengthen the tactic of extremist organisations. In its initiative against terrorism and violent extremism, the Global Emergency and Counterterrorism Institute (GECI) suggests a new approach to address the surge of violent extremism.

GOVERNANCE AND LEADERSHIP

   Governance and Leadership  are two interdependent and interrelated concepts. Ignorance of human rights and the rule of law result in poor leadership, bad governance  and mismanagement.  The Global Emergency and Counterterrorism Institute (GECI) focuses on how to improve and strengthen innovative governance and responsible leadership  on the  continent. In so doing, the key is to challenge corruption, authoritarianism through a new and innovative approach to governance that places the well being and dignity of people at the heart of  politic, social and economic structures. It is crucial to initiate decisions and policies that will help improving people's life and transform state's structures especially in the African context where despite a consistent economic growth over the past few years, the population remains among the poorest and most unsecured on the planet.

TRANSNATIONAL ORGANISED  CRIMES

   In the recent years, Transnational Organised Crimes such as human trafficking, human smuggling, drug trafficking, illicit financial flows, money laundering have consistently contributed to weaken state's structures especially in Africa, leading to serious consequences on socio-political and economic levels. Our organisation intends to partners with state actors and non-state actors to raise awareness, investigate the causes and impacts and prevent the perpetration of such crimes by transnational criminal networks. Whereas these crimes went international, states' responses remain domestic resulting in inefficiency. Our goal in this area is to help closing the gap between transnational criminal networks and states' responses by providing new and sustainable tools, approaches and long term solutions.

MIGRATION

   Migration matter. This phenomenon that can be traced back to the origins of mankind in the Rift Valley in Africa around 1.5 million and 5000 BC  when people started moving into Europe and later into other continents has today reached its full speed. Migration which has become complex in our contemporary world is now subject to various atypical categories opposing 'forced' migration versus 'voluntary' migration, 'political' migration versus 'economic' migration, 'legal' migration versus 'illegal/irregular' migration. There seems to be a strong connection between migration and various burning issues such as development, security, human rights, poverty and so on. This results in serious consequences at the social, cultural, political and economic levels for home, transit and destination countries. The Global Emergency and Counterterrorism Institute (GECI) examines the migration trend from  within and without Africa whether driven by economic and/or political purpose.

CRIMINAL AND MILITARY JUSTICE RESPONSES

   With the enactment of anti-terrorist legislation more and more severe, with the establishment of special military courts in charge of cases involving potential terrorists and their accomplice, time has come to  pay close attention to the criminal and military justice responses  pertaining to terrorism and violent extremism and related crimes. The Global Emergency and Counterterrorism Institute (GECI) researches and explores alternative justice responses such as restorative justice and also the possibility of deradicalisation of perpetrators  of terrorist activities.